Topamax

What is Topamax?

Topamax (topiramate) is a seizure medicine, also called an anticonvulsant. Topiramate is used to treat seizures in adults and children who are at least 2 years old.

Topamax is also used to prevent migraine headaches in adults and teenagers who are at least 12 years old. This medicine will only prevent migraine headaches or reduce the number of attacks. It will not treat a headache that has already begun.

Topamax may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important information
Topamax may cause harm to an unborn baby, but having a seizure during pregnancy could harm both the mother and the baby. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking Topamax for seizures. Do not start or stop taking this medicine during pregnancy without your doctor’s advice.

Epilepsy in Adults: A Healthcare Professional’s Guide
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Epilepsy in Adults: A Healthcare Professional’s Guide
Seek emergency medical attention if you have a sudden change in vision or pain around or behind the eyes. These may be early signs of a serious and permanent side effect on your vision. Do not stop using Topamax without first talking to your doctor, even if you feel fine. You may have increased seizures if you stop using Topamax suddenly. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely. Contact your doctor if your seizures get worse or you have them more often while taking this medicine.

Some people have thoughts about suicide while taking an anticonvulsant. Your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits while you are using Topamax. Your family or other caregivers should also be alert to changes in your mood or symptoms.

Topamax can increase the level of acid in your blood (metabolic acidosis). This can weaken your bones, cause kidney stones, or cause growth problems in children or harm to an unborn baby. You may need blood tests to make sure you do not have metabolic acidosis, especially if you are pregnant.

Do not start or stop taking Topamax during pregnancy without your doctor’s advice. Taking topiramate during pregnancy may increase the risk of low birth weight and cleft lip and/or cleft palate in the newborn. But having a seizure during pregnancy could harm both mother and baby. There may be other seizure medicine that can be more safely used during pregnancy.

Topamax can make birth control pills less effective. Use a barrier form of birth control (such as a condom or diaphragm with spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking Topamax. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment.

Topiramate can pass into breast milk, but effects on the nursing baby are not known. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I take Topamax?
Take Topamax exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Topamax can be taken with or without food.

Do not chew, crush, or break a tablet. Swallow the tablet whole.

Topamax Sprinkle Capsule can be swallowed whole. Or you may open the capsule and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of applesauce or other soft food. Swallow right away without chewing. Do not save the mixture for later use. Discard the empty capsule.

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