Importance Of A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.
Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:
Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
The subspecialty which is the cytogenetics is also studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.