Study: My Understanding of Wellness

Different forms of Anxiety Disorders

One of the many mental disorders is anxiety disorder which is characterized by increased anxiety where an individual usually has an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate. Counsellors is very effective in handling mental disorders. Fear is also common in people suffering from anxiety disorder where he/she may have a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Anxiety disorder can be brought about by a number of reasons such as drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses. There are other causes of anxiety disorder which include genetics where there is a family history of mental disorder and other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty as well as persistence of anxiety. Diagnosing an individual with anxiety disorder requires at least six months of observation of certain symptoms related to anxiety disorder such as headache, sweating, hypertension and muscle spasms among others. Early diagnosis of anxiety disorders are easily solved by online counselors

The different types of anxiety disorder include generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, a panic disorder as well as selective mutism. Generalized anxiety disorder is described by an individual having a long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter. Anxiety disorder that occurs when an individual encounters a specific situation or stimulus which can range from animals or some fluids is described as a specific phobia anxiety disorder. Panic disorders are usually as a result of stress, fear or exercise which causes abrupt fear and discomfort peaking in a few minutes lasting for some hours leading to trembling, shaking, confusion and even nausea and difficulty in breathing. Social anxiety disorder is where an individual is always worried in places where there are gatherings fearing negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation disorder occurs in situations where a person fears from being separated from certain people or places. Selective mutism is related to shyness and social anxiety where an individual does not speak in specific situation or to certain people.

Lifestyle and behavior change, therapy and medication are some of the treatment methods for anxiety disorder. Changing ones behavior and lifestyle includes stopping drug and substance use, regularizing sleep,exercising and having regular visits to a counselor. Cognitive behavioral therapy enhances development of personal coping strategies that improves cognition, behaviors and emotional regulation. Anxiety disorder can also be managed by looking out for online counsellors who can offer free or charged therapy to individuals suffering from the condition. Prescribed medication can be administered to individuals suffering from anxiety disorder to improve the condition.

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