People loses their physiological prowess as they age, this is associated to changes in body physiological functionalities such as cardiac output, muscle mass, and metabolism that become ineffective over time, the rate at which these changes occurs varies from person to person and within an individual, generally the rate of change is dependent on individual genes as well as the environment, view here to learn more. The rate at which these physiological changes happen can be derailed through modified physical exercises, however, the exercises need to be safe and tailored according to individual age and all risks involved should be laid down, it is important to seek recommendation from exercise professionals such as exercise physiologists for the right workouts, especially when dealing with the senior population. The process of aging is categorized into three typical phases namely, entering old age, this phase includes people who have retired from their careers or child-rearing sometimes they can be as young as 50 years, the second phase is the transitional phase, it is an intermediary of entering old age and frail age, this phase is characterized by people who are in their 70s, the last phase is frail old individuals, this group is highly susceptible due health problems associated with the aging and they may require assistance even with the most basic tasks more about this here. Given that most senior people require assistance with basic tasks such as dressing and bathing, some of these functions can be reverted through tailored physical activities, to help you out, this article has detailed some ideas you can use to design such exercises see this page for more info.
Individuals in the frail group have difficulties in completing (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, this is because most people in this group have chronic conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and loss of muscle mass which prevent proper functioning of the body. Designing physical activities tailored toward improving ADL and IADL should be prioritized for this group to improve their experience of life and make them self dependent.
You must pay attention to aerobic exercises such as walking, swimming and other low impacts exercise that trigger the heart to work a bit harder to ensure the circulatory system remain as healthy as possible, to make sure your aerobic exercises are within the safe zone for this group monitor their heart rate, blood pressure and perceived exertion during workouts, it is also recommended that you collect data in every workout so that you can maintain a progressive and safe exercise regimen for this highly susceptible group. You can use this guideline to design a safe exercise regimen for elderly people but also important exercises to consider are flexibility and coordination.